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10家非常受欢迎的公司差点破产

从玩具制造商到航空公司,许多公司都曾在某个时候处理过财务问题。在这份名单中,有10家公司非常受欢迎,你不会想到它们曾经濒临破产。

相关在Listversyabovipe:标志性产品的10个迷人的历史记录


10联邦快递


美联储前任创始人兼首席执行官曾用运气拯救了该公司。腓特烈·史密斯用一系列贷款创立了这家公司,遗产钱和资金。他用这笔钱买了8架飞机,用这些飞机把包裹运到美国各地。当时没有其他企业是这样运作的。相反,他们的运输方式主要是卡车。这对史密斯来说是可行的,直到飞机燃料费开始上涨。由于在维持定价策略的同时无法支付燃油成本,美联储(Fed)股价下跌了数百万美元。史密斯有两个选择:要么申请破产,要么拿公司预算中的最后5000美元在拉斯维加斯赌场赌博。我相信你猜到了他选择了哪一个。

不到一周,他就有32000美元,足够给飞机加油和完成交付。24000美元是石油公司购买喷气燃料所需的费用。虽然史密斯的赌博使公司在短短一周内没有倒闭,但有限的时间使他能够寻求额外的资金,并最终将公司发展成今天的样子。[1]

9乐高


最受欢迎的玩具企业近年来,中国也出现了不少问题。从1998年到2003年,它经历了一系列的问题。在利润下降和面临破产的威胁后,一位新的CEO接手并与乔治卢卡斯和他的制作公司合作。这使得他们能够生产基于印第安纳琼斯和星球大战的乐高玩具。这个决定可能挽救了公司。他们转而制作电影主题产品,而不是一般的“海盗船”或“建筑工地”系列。很难想象,一家仅凭电影特许经营权就赚了数百万美元的玩具公司曾经濒临倒闭。这家公司现在比以往任何时候都更成功,这意味着我们都可以继续不小心地站在这些小砖头上,在未来的几年里痛苦不堪。[2]


8世嘉

什么时候?世嘉在2002年面临破产的威胁时,时任总统小川一郎为了挽救公司,把所有的股票都捐给了公司。他即将结束与癌症的斗争,而癌症在他捐赠后不久就将他杀死。他们的麻烦是由于他们决定终止在Dreamcast上的制作,Dreamcast是他们最新的游戏机。这一消息一直没有引起足够的重视,导致他们损失了800亿日元。冈川850亿日元的个人财产弥补了该公司即将遭受的打击。如果世嘉能把声波硬币兑换成日元,他们早就解决了问题![3]

7苹果


1997年是个糟糕的一年苹果. iPod,后来成为公司的旗舰产品,还没有发明出来。如果没有一家出人意料的公司决定投资苹果,那么我们可能永远不会有一个方便的方式来随身携带我们的音乐。在上下班路上,我们可能不得不做些别的事情来分散注意力。当苹果遇到一些财务问题时,微软投资了1.5亿美元,以避免它不得不宣布破产。微软是你最不希望拯救苹果的公司,因为他们是苹果最大的竞争对手。这最终证明是一个伟大的商业决定,因为微软从这项投资中获得了巨额利润。[4]


6宝马


1948年,宝马开始创造豪华车。 This was a move away from their usual affordable automobiles, a huge risk for the company. After all, Mercedes-Benz dominated the luxury car market. In 1951, the BMW 501 was released and it was priced at 4 times the average wage of a citizen. Very few cars sold, leaving the company close to bankruptcy. The Quandt family, most notably Herbert Werner and Harald Quandt, German industrialists and the sons of members of the Nazi party, made a large investment in the company which saved it. This investment did not come free, however, as the family demanded a restructuring of the company, with new managers put in charge. Now, BMW is well known for making luxury cars, but had it not been for the job-losing decision to change the company’s focus, then they would not have the same great reputation.[5]

六旗


尽管具有与所喜悦的地方的声誉,六旗已经通过一些黑暗的时代去了。 In June 2009, it filed for bankruptcy, after falling $2.4 billion in debt. On top of this, it had to pay $300 million to its stockholders in August of that year. With less than two months left to make up the money for these payments, Six Flags had no choice but to file for bankruptcy. It had had a relatively good year besides the debt, as it profited $275 million from the 25 million visitors so far that year. A few months later, the company returned thanks to its lawyers arranging a restructuring of the debt. It now continues business, with a series of theme parks and water parks across America. It sure was a “rollercoaster” of a journey.[6]


4迪斯尼公司


早年的迪斯尼公司倒也不是一个完美的童话。 Disney was at the brink of bankruptcy twice, once in 1920, when their financial backer went bankrupt himself and again in 1937. The creation of ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs’ was a huge financial burden for the company. It was their first feature length film, but it required a $1.5 million investment from Walt Disney and a bank loan in order for it to be completed. Looking back, it was a huge risk, because had it failed, then Disney would not have become the household name that it is today. ‘Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs’ went on to make $8 million at the box office, which is especially good considering how it was released during the Great Depression.[7]

3美国航空公司

美国航空公司一旦发现自身在如此恶劣的情况下,它是从纽约证券交易所删除。 The stock had fallen to 20 cents per share and in its entirety, the company was worth $90 million. It may seem like a lot of money, but ‘The Wall Street Journal’ put this into context by appropriately comparing it to “less than the typical list price of a new passenger jet.” The company has since returned to the New York Stock Exchange, with a value of $300 million. Had it not been for a large amount of investors buying the stock cheap, American Airlines may have went the same way as Eastern Airlines and Pan American World Airways. A partner for Pinnacle Investment Advisors purchased roughly $50,000 of shares in the airline, which resulted in a huge profit for him, after the company returned strong.[8]

2特斯拉和SpaceX公司


这是令人难以置信很难相信,一旦派车进入太空的公司一度破产。 In the beginning,伊隆·马斯克担心他的公司会失败。 He was so sure of this, in fact, that he did not take money from investors. Instead, he opted to fund the company with his own money, which he had a substantial amount of due to the sale of his company PayPal for $1.5 billion in 2002. He continue to fund it until 2008, when the financial crisis almost destroyed Tesla and SpaceX. Without any other options, Musk shut down operations, being essentially bankrupt for a few hours. That is when, at the last minute, he secured a $50 million investment in time to save the company. Daimler invested in Tesla and SpaceX, despite themselves being in financial trouble. Whilst this money saved the companies from being closed down, it was not a permanent fix. He still had to work hard to ensure their continued existence. Musk is quoted as having said “we only narrowly survived … we actually closed the financing round on Christmas Eve 2008. It was the last hour of the last day that it was possible.” Only 10 years later, he had sent a car into orbit to the tune of ‘Starman’ by David Bowie.[9]

1蚀刻草图


这孩子的玩具也不会被作为标志性的今天,因为它是有它不是一个受欢迎的皮克斯电影的特色。蚀刻草图是在破产的1999年的边缘,当玩具总动员2的创造者走近他们。 The scene in question featured an Etch a Sketch for only 12 seconds, but this appearance revived the popularity of the product. It allowed the company time to seek financing, with which they moved production of the toy from Ohio to China. This cut down production costs and prolonged the life of the company. They were not the only product which appeared in Toy Story 2 (obviously, a movie about toys would be pretty dull without toys in it.) Barbie and Mr Potato Head were also written into the script, but neither of them were as reliant on this appearance as Etch a Sketch. Thanks to Toy Story 2, it was named one of the top toys of the century in 2008. Who knew that an appearance in third highest grossing movie of 1999 could make you so popular?

蚀刻草图属于这个列表的顶部,因为不像其他企业特色,他们生产的东西这是一个典型的家庭项目。 It did not need batteries or make any noise, so it became a popular gift for parents to buy. Had the business went bankrupt and the toy disappeared from shelves, it would still be remembered as a part of many people’s childhood memories. Few people would remember one of many airlines disappearing, or a production company who had only made one movie in the late 1930s. The escape from the brink of bankruptcy allowed Etch a Sketch to be exposed to many more generations of children, brightening their childhood with two dials and a hundred little lines.[10]

对于这样的比较爽名单,检查出亚博电竞澳门现金网10个令人难以置信的危险禁止玩具10个可笑精心事情使用乐高积木